The Rejuvenation of Theosis in Lutheran Scholasticism

by Joshua C. Benjamins Tuomo Mannermaa and his followers in the New Finnish School have made a forceful case that Luther’s doctrine of justification has at its heart the idea of actual participation in the divine life through union with Christ. Mannermaa also argues that Lutheranism subsequent to Luther lost the Reformer’s emphasis on the… Read More The Rejuvenation of Theosis in Lutheran Scholasticism

Voetius on Creation, Death, and Human Nature

by Matthew Gaetano The erudition of the Dutch Reformed theologian, Gisbertus Voetius, is often staggering. I’ve especially appreciated his disputations on creation because one can see his extensive knowledge not only of the whole Christian theological tradition but also his detailed grasp of the Greek, Arabic, and Latin philosophers. His views on creation, which take up… Read More Voetius on Creation, Death, and Human Nature

The Ecclesiology of the Catechism of Trent: Some Observations

by Eric J. Demeuse In a rich and now classic work, Models of the Church 1 Avery Cardinal Dulles, S.J., outlines six conceptual tools or ‘models’ prevalent today which serve to explain and explore the mystery of the Church—the Church as institution, mystical communion, sacrament, herald, servant, and community of disciples. None are sufficient in… Read More The Ecclesiology of the Catechism of Trent: Some Observations

Gisbertus Voetius and Reformed Catholicity

by Matthew Gaetano Gisbertus Voetius (1589-1676) was a major Dutch Reformed theologian whose works demonstrate mastery not only of Scripture, the Church Fathers, and medieval theology, but also a command of the works of contemporary Roman Catholic scholastic authors. He studied at Leiden, participated in the Synod of Dort, and then taught at Utrecht, where he confronted the… Read More Gisbertus Voetius and Reformed Catholicity

Catholic or Protestant? The Story of Contarini and the Reformation

We are pleased to share a recent piece at The Gospel Coalition by Chris Castaldo, with the permission of Castaldo and Dr. Ryan M. Reeves. Castaldo highlights some fundamental divisions among Protestants and Catholics by exploring the role of one Catholic cardinal at Regensburg. What is the fundamental difference between Roman Catholic and evangelical Protestant faith? The… Read More Catholic or Protestant? The Story of Contarini and the Reformation