What Exactly is Satisfaction in Aquinas? A short essay on a long note

by Jonathan Tomes Trevor does not say anything very controversial in his criticism of Pierced for Our Transgressions, not according to scholarship, but I hope in what follows to raise significant concerns about the state of relevant scholarship on Aquinas’s doctrine of atonement. I will not argue for a model or theory of penal substitutionary… Read More What Exactly is Satisfaction in Aquinas? A short essay on a long note

Scholastic Developments on Merit: A Downward Path into Pelagianism?

by Charles Raith II “The Schools have always gone from worse to worse, until at length, in their downward path, they have degenerated into a kind of Pelagianism.”[1] This is John Calvin’s summary assessment of the theological trajectory of medieval scholastic theology, and nothing captured this downward descent into Pelagianism like the doctrine of merit.… Read More Scholastic Developments on Merit: A Downward Path into Pelagianism?